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[Contents][Appendix 1]
[Reference 7][Reference 9]

E for Ecstasy by Nicholas Saunders
Appendix 1: Reference Section

8 Differences Between the Mechanism of Action of MDMA, MBDB and the Classic Hallucinogens, by David Nichols, from Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Vol. 18/4 1986
In this paper it is claimed that MDMA is not a hallucinogen and that its classification as a Class One drug, which is based on it being regarded as a hallucinogen, is therefore incorrect. Nichols says that subjective human trials and tests on rats show MDMA does not have psychedelic properties and that it belongs to a new drug category that he calls "entactogens". He synthesised a new drug called MBDB with an added chemical group that cuts out psychedelic effects. It was similar to MDMA in effect but weaker and therefore also belongs to the new category.

[Contents][Appendix 1]
[Reference 7][Reference 9]
E is for Ecstasy by Nicholas Saunders (
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