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[Contents][Appendix 1]
[Reference 37][Reference 39]

E for Ecstasy by Nicholas Saunders
Appendix 1: Reference Section

38 Entry in Micromedex, vol. 75, a hospital database printout from the National Poisons Unit at Guy's Hospital, London
This entry says that evidence that MDMA is neurotoxic is controversial. Behavioural alterations have been observed in rats given high doses, but the rats' behaviour has returned to normal after 4 weeks.

It reports two cases of lead poisoning resulting from Ecstasy use, which are put down to toxic by-products of MDMA manufacture. Lead acetate is a component of one synthesis procedure.

Urinary excretion of unchanged MDMA and its metabolites is complete within 24 hours. 65% of the dose is excreted unchanged in the urine and 7% as MDA. Release of dopamine in rats is greatest with MDA, less with MDMA and least with MDEA. Dopamine release may relate to amphetamine-like side effects.

[Contents][Appendix 1]
[Reference 37][Reference 39]
E is for Ecstasy by Nicholas Saunders (
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Spiritual book by Nicholas Saunders