E for Ecstasy by Nicholas Saunders
Appendix 1: Reference Section
- 79 Ecstasy and Recreational Drug Use in Wirral by C Toddhunter,
- Between March and June 1992, 95 drug users participated in this survey.
Of the 57 who had used Ecstasy, 52 were interviewed. The following conclusions
- First time E users tend not to be new to drug taking. Only 1 out of
52 respondents used E before they had tried any other drug and only 3% of
respondents had used E prior to the age of 16/17.
- Nearly 95% had a history of drug use which included LSD, cannabis and
amphetamine prior to taking Ecstasy. Most of them commonly used more than
one drug. 96% used E in conjunction with other drugs at raves. Use of Ecstasy
took place almost exclusively at raves or where House Music was played.
- A strong anti-heroin culture was found among Ecstasy users. There was
a tendency for most of those interviewed to regulate and limit their drug
use to avoid problems. A small minority who made little attempt to control
their use faced serious problems as a result, including paranoia, weight
loss and diminished mental activity. Most of these people took Ecstasy,
LSD and amphetamine.
- Ecstasy had fallen in price: it cost #9-#15 at the time of the survey.
Whereas some respondents had a history of Ecstasy use but had drifted away
from the drug, the total number of users had not fallen.
- Among Ecstasy users, there is a strong rejection of conventional night
life culture including even moderate alcohol consumption. Alcohol is perceived
to be a bigger AIDS risk, as rave culture is less concerned with sexual
gratification. Instead, gratification comes from the intensity of the music
- Ecstasy users are very keen to obtain factual knowledge about drug use
in their own terms, as opposed to what they perceive as misinformation by
- "A minority of young people in Wirral shows a firm attachment to
Ecstasy use. It is as acceptable and conventional to them as drinking alcohol
is for the wider population," Toddhunter says.
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